Healthy Eating: The Basics

Posted Feb 9, 2016

By now, you have identified your goals and developed your healthy living plan. The next step is get a clear picture of what healthy eating is and how it will enable you to achieve your objectives.

Ask yourself the following questions:

  1. What do I know about nutrition?
  2. What is healthy eating?

If you have trouble answering these questions, do not worry, you are not alone. Most people have a general concept of nutrition and healthy eating, but do not know how to integrate them into their lifestyle effectively. You are lucky, however, as this blog will provide you with the basic knowledge and skills that will enable you to accomplish your goals.

Before we get into discussing the basics of nutrition lets understand the benefits of following a healthy eating plan:

Physical Benefits

  • Healthy growth and development/Maintenance of health
  • More energy
  • Feeling healthier
  • Better sleep

Psychological Benefits

  • More focus
  • Clearer thinking
  • Improved decision-making

Physiological Benefits

  • Lower risk of obesity or being overweight
  • Less incidence of Heart Disease, Stroke, High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Osteoporosis, Cancer, etc.
  • Ability to train harder and longer, and recover quicker
  • Improved productivity and performance

In summary, food nourishes the body and gives us energy to get through each day. Healthy eating is fundamental to good health and is a key element in healthy human development, from prenatal and early childhood years to later life stages. Healthy eating is equally important in reducing the risk of many chronic diseases.

What are the nutrients?
Calories = Energy

3 Sources of Energy (Calories):

  1. Carbohydrates
  2. Protein
  3. Fat

These sources of energy come from 4 main Food Groups:

  1. Fruits & Vegetables
  2. Grain Products
  3. Milk & Alternatives
  4. Meat & Alternatives

Everybody has individual recommendations from each of the four food groups. What are yours? How close are you to those recommendations?

To find out, obtain a copy of Canada’s Food Guide from the Health Canada website:

There are thousands upon thousands of food choices available to us. They key is to differentiate between good sources and poor sources to obtain the much-needed nutrients.

The key to healthy living is: A WELL-BALANCED DIET.

Aim for a healthy balance of carbohydrates, protein and fat from each of the 4 food groups!

When given a choice, always ask yourself: “Is this really the best selection for me?”

Moving forward, you will be provided with information and resources on each of the nutrients. This will enable you to make informed decisions that will contribute to your healthy living goals.

Good Luck!

Luke Corey, PDt.

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